You may or may not have a “type” but pianos do. What I mean is we can broadly classify them according to size and function. While both categories encompass a number of size variations, we generally divide them into Grand Pianos and Upright Pianos (or Vertical Pianos – more on that later). We will also cover a third type of piano on this website which can actually be either a Grand or Upright – Player Pianos.
The distinction between grand and upright piano is easy enough for most people. Grand pianos are those flat fancy ones with three legs. Uprights are the ones that go up against the wall. Reminds me of an old joke … where was I?
Another commonly understood difference between the two types is price. All other things being equal (and that is far from guaranteed) grands can be considerably higher priced than vertical pianos, for obvious reasons. Or maybe not so obvious – however when you feel the difference of how a grand plays and hear the difference in sound you can begin to appreciate its superior qualities over a vertical piano.
When it comes to size there is no industry standard for either grand or upright pianos. You will find a variety of models available from different companies that may vary by an inch or even half an inch in height (vertical) or length (grand).
For instance one company might offer a grand piano model which is five foot seven inches in length while another might have one that is five foot eight, or five foot seven and a half inches. There are however some general size categories that are loosely helpful. We will get into that in more detail in the individual Grand Pianos and Upright Pianos categories.